Clonazepam And Alcohol

Clonazepam And Alcohol

Clonazepam is a benzodiazepine drug that has properties including anxiolytic (to treat anxiety and its physical and psychological symptoms), anticonvulsant (to treat epileptic seizures), muscle relaxant (decreases the muscle tone and affects skeletal muscles function), and hypnotic (to induce sleep like in insomnia treatment).


It is derivatively a chlorinated of nitrazepam. Clonazepam pharmacological property is the enhancement of GABA neurotransmitter through modulation of the GABA. It is classified as benzodiazepine that has a high potency. Its slow onset has a peak four hours after ingestion.

It usually has eighteen to fifty hours long elimination half-life so that it is considered as one of long acting benzodiazepine groups. Although it has effectiveness and low toxicity in overdose, it may cause drawback due to the fact that there may be adverse reactions including paradoxical effects and drowsiness. Paradoxical effects occur when a drug that is used in a medical treatment gives the opposite effect from what is expected to gain in normal condition. An example of paradoxical effect is when somebody gets a medical treatment to relief his pain, but the drug in fact causes him to feel the pain more than before he gets the treatment.

Its usage in long term medical treatment is inhibited because it has the ability to induce tolerance to the anticonvulsant effects. However, it works in the medical treatment of patients who suffer from epilepsy successfully. Clonazepam has been approved by the Food and Drug administration to be used in medical treatment for epilepsy patients, atypical and typical absence, mioclonic, infantile mioclonic, and akinetic seizures.

Some researches have shown that the use of clonazepam is effective for children who suffer epilepsy. On the other hand, it is proved to be ineffective in controlling the infatile spasms. When it is compared to nitrazepam that shows effectiveness in treating west syndrome patients or an age dependant epilepsy, it shows that it has less effectiveness as an anticonvulsant in bringing infantile seizures under control. It is mainly prescribed for treating patients with acute epilepsy, giving short term treatment for panic disorder patients and acute mania.

Just like other drugs that are used in medical treatment, the usage of clonazepam also leads to some side effects. The side effects itself can be different in many patients. Also, it can be differentiated as very common, less common, occasional, rare, and long term effects. A very common effect that is usually experienced by the patients who make use of it is including drowsiness, interference, and euphoria. Drowsiness is a condition when somebody has a strong desire to sleep or in a state of near sleep. Sometimes, people who get drowsiness can sleep in a unusually long period of time. When a patient consumes clonazepam, they will feel sleepy. Interference is related to the person’s motor and cognitive performance.

When he takes clonazepam, he is probably not capable of performing them well. Then, the use of clonazepam can also cause euphoria. Euphoria is a person’s emotional and mental condition of being in an intense feeling of happiness, excitement, elation, ecstasy, and joy. The less common effects of the usage of clonazepam are including irritability and aggression, psychomotor agitation, lack of motivation, loss of libido, impaired motor function, cognitive impairments, hangover-like symptoms, and hangover effects. In some cases, the use of clonazepam can cause psychomotor agitation. It is a series of purposeless and unintentional motions done by the person who takes clonazepam, as a result of mental tension and anxiety.

Some examples of the purposeless and unintentional motions are pacing around a room, pulling off and putting on his clothes, wringing his hands, etc. Clonazepam may cause someone to show little or even no motivation at all in doing activities. Also, it can cause impaired motor balance such as impaired coordination, dizziness, and impaired balanced. When somebody experiences cognitive impairments, he is trapped in hallucination, short-term memory loss, and anterograde amnesia. A person who gets anterograde amnesia is not capable of creating new memories after the event that makes him amnesia, and then loses his ability both partially or totally to recall the recent past, while long-term memories remain intact.

The clonazepam can cause hangover-like symptoms such as having a headache, being sluggish, being drowsy, and being irritable when he gets up. The hangover is defined as unpleasant psychological effects that occur as a result of consuming alcoholic beverages. That is why some people may think clonazepam and alcohol have similar effects. Yet, it is not exactly the same since there are only in some cases of patients get the effect like it caused by alcohol, after consuming clonazepam.

Clonazepam usage occasional effects are including serious dysphoria, thrombocytopenia, serious psychiatric and psychological side effects, induction or increased frequency of seizures, behavioral disturbances, confusion, personality changes, and ataxia. When a patient suffers from ataxia, he loses his movement nervous system ability to function well. On the other hand, his parts of nervous systems that coordinate the movement of the parts of his body failed to do its function.

Then, he cannot control it to do some movements. Some rare side-effects that may occur because of the clonazepam are psychosis, incontinence, liver damage, rage, paradoxical behavioral disinhibition, impulsivity, excitement, and worsening of seizures. Psychosis is an abnormal condition of a person’s mind that causes him to lose contact with reality. He becomes in a hallucination, delusion, or impaired sight. Long term effects of clonazepam include depression and disinhibition. Disinhibition is defined as being lack of restraint such as disregard for social conventions, poor risk assessment, and impulsivity. At the end, the use of clonazepam 1mg can help in giving medical treatments to patient like epilepsy patients, but can lead to several side effects.